Anti-Imperialism/Foreign Policy

History of Cuban Independence Part 2

By Springtime of Nations

Pact of Zanjon Aftermath

Carrying on immediately where we left off, the negotiations for peace were not successful in placating the desires that brought about the 10 year war in the first place. Despite the cited “mutual exhaustion” both parties felt, some rebels like Lt. General Antonio Maceo Grajales continued to fight because of the pacts inability to abolish slavery immediately and continued Spanish rule. It is worth noting that the pact did set a time to deal with the issue of slavery, eventually accomplished in October of 1886 by royal decree. Even with better parliamentary representation, some within Cuba felt that the influence of the Spanish was enough to continue the rebellion. This would lead to a reversion of certain liberties granted by the pact, eventually feeding into a final war for independence.

The Little War

Despite the adorable name, The Little War was a brutal skirmish that affirmed to the Spanish that Cuba had become a place of Cubans, not just Spaniards. The Leader on the side of the Cubans this time around was Calixto Garcia. Garcia himself had apparently come from a line of strong willed men, his grandfather having fought in the Venezuelan war for independence. He carried that spirit, fighting in The Ten Years War, The Little War, and The Cuban War For Independence. It is little surprise that this man was amongst a handful of revolutionary leaders who never signed the Pact of Zanjon. However, this handful was not enough to raise a massive resistance, and The Little War ended in a little over a year by 1880 with no major successes for the rebels. This show of force caused the Spanish to revoke some of the liberties within the Pact of Zanjon.

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