Students, Anarchists and Categories of Persecution In Chile, 1920

By Raymond Craib

José Astorquiza had no patience for insolence. The special minister appointed to oversee the prosecution of subversives looked at the young man in front of him. “Are you an anarchist?” he asked. José DomingoGómez Rojas answered: “I do not have, dear Minister, sufficient moral discipline to assume that title, which I will never merit.” This was not the answer, nor (one could imagine) the tone, Astorquiza desired: “You, young man, appear at these proceedings involved in one of the most serious crimes that can be committed in a Republic: a crime against the internal security of the State.” To this Gómez Rojas responded with an indifferent shrug of his shoulders and a dismissive remark: “Let’s not be so theatrical, dear Minister.” Astorquiza, enraged, issued his order: “Take this insolent

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