The works of Antony Sutton are essential reading for those who want to know how the 20th century’s “managerial revolution” took place, and how it was spread throughout the developed world by global capitalism in a way that transcended national, cultural, ideological, and governmental-structural differences. Sutton tended to frame his arguments within a paleconnish/right-libertarian narrative (the “decline of constitutionalism” and Bircher-like anti-communism) that I don’t really agree with, and he also veered off into right-populist-like conspiracism at times (e.g. Skull and Bones, Illuminati, etc). But his basic arguments hold up, i.e. that Soviet technological development was made possible only with the assistance of Western capital (the same has since been true of China), that Roosevelt was not a “traitor to his class” (as even some of his Marxist admirers believe) but capitalism’s savior (as Roosevelt himself claimed), that the Third Reich’s economic policies were heavily profitable to substantial sectors of the capitalist class in both Germany and America, and that Germany’s military buildup in the 1930s was also made possible only with American capitalist assistance.