Contra Weinstein’s fear of a retreating America giving rise to Russian and Chinese hegemony, Peter Zeihan is skeptical of the future prospects of Russia and China. He regards Russia as a dying civilization with an aging, sickly population for whom two world wars and the Soviet experience sealed their fate. He thinks China’s thousands of years of instability will continue. Instead, Zeihan predicts the powers that will replace US unipolar hegemony will be France, Turkey, Argentina, and Japan, along with more regional conflicts and failed states as US retreat leaves a power vacuum open. Zeihan’s scenario is essentially a return to the 19th century, which will create new opportunities for anarchists.