“We will show the world what black people can do when they work in freedom, and we shall make of Congo the pride of Africa”
– Patrice Lumumba
Source: Telesutv.net / The Dawn / January 18, 2015.- Fifty five years ago, agents of the Belgian secret services and the CIA put the body of patrice Lumumba in a barrel of acid and made it disappear. Congo could have been headed towards a democracy but, on the contrary, it was led to one of the worst African dictatorships in the XX century.
He was the first Head of State of the Democratic Republic of Congo. He wanted the decolonization of his country from Belgium and to completely destroy the European colonialist power present in Africa, to eradicate the violations and pillages that his country had endured for centuries.
In 1958, Patrice Lumumba decidedly started the struggle for the decolonization of Congo using the scarce possibilities of social action that weren’t repressed by the Belgian colonial authorities. So, he created the Congolese National Movement, which supported the creation of an independent and secular State, with unitary political structures that could help overcome the tribal differences and create a national sentiment.
After the independence of Belgium in 1960, Congo held elections and Patrice Lumumba, leader of the independentists struggle, won the presidency with a nationalist and leftist programme.
Lumumba could not prevent that the withdrawal of the Belgian army gave way to political conflict with military pronouncements, attacks on white-skinned population and generalized disturbances.
The rebellion was especially serious in the mining region of Katanga, which declared itself independent under the leadership of Tschombé. Lumumba denounced that this secession had been promoted by the Belgian government to defend the interests of the mining company that operated in that region.