British front pages on Thursday feature stories about Nato’s proposed response to Russia’s growing threat and the advent of “Europe’s new Iron Curtain” – a reference to a return to Cold War-era tensions.
At the summit of 30 member nations in Madrid, the organisation committed to the biggest strengthening of its deterrents since the 1980s in response to the invasion of Ukraine.
The US-led North Atlantic Treaty Organisation – or Nato – was formed in 1949 to prevent a resurgence of nationalism and militarism in Europe after two world wars, and to deter the Soviet Union’s expansion.
Its membership swelled over the 1990s and 2000s as its enlargement stretched further east to include the former Soviet republics of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
The Iron Curtain described the hard borders between eastern Europe and the rest of the continent during the Cold War, and a series of developments on Wednesday prompted a revival of the phrase as an effective blockade from the Black Sea up to the Baltics emerged.