Anarchism/Anti-State

African Anarchist Movements: Race, Class and Liberation

By Michael Schmidt

In transnational historical labour movement studies, the African anarchist / syndicalist movement is as under-studied as those of Central or South-East Asia and the Caribbean. This is despite the fact that the movement arose in Egypt in the same phase, the late 1860s, as it did in locations as disparate as Uruguay, Spain, and Mexico. This monograph – the first ever continental historical analysis of African anarchist movements – starts by providing a comparative analysis of the rise of the phenomenon in late 19th / early 20th Century Egypt versus South Africa, then sketches its traces in other African countries, examines its role in the post-WWII national liberation struggles of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia, then concludes by asking whether there is a distinctly “African anarchism” by drawing on organisational positions from South African libertarian socialists of the 1970s, to self-described anarchists in Senegal in the 1980s, from Nigeria and South Africa in the 1990s, from Morocco and South Africa in the 2000s, then Egypt in the Arab Spring of the 2010s.

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Categories: Anarchism/Anti-State

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