Culture Wars/Current Controversies

SPLC Poll Finds Substantial Support for ‘Great Replacement’ Theory and Other Hard-Right Ideas

By Cassie Miller, Southern Poverty Law Center

In this article:

  1. The Great Replacement and Hostility to Diversity
  2. Beliefs about Gender Roles and Gender Identity
  3. Anti-government Beliefs and Faith in Institutions
  4. Partisanship and Violence
  5. Methodology

year in hate cover

Read the full Year in Hate report.

In late April, the Southern Poverty Law Center and Tulchin Research conducted a poll of 1,500 Americans to examine the extent to which the extremist beliefs and narratives that mobilize the hard right have been absorbed by the wider American public.

We found that the ideas underpinning the white nationalist “great replacement” narrative recently cited by an alleged white supremacist terrorist in Buffalo, New York, have become thoroughly mainstream on the political right. Nearly 7 in 10 Republicans surveyed agree to at least some extent that demographic changes in the United States are deliberately driven by liberal and progressive politicians attempting to gain political power by “replacing more conservative white voters.” Across the political spectrum, we found substantial support for threatening or acting violently against perceived political opponents.

We also uncovered a widespread feeling — especially among right-leaning Americans — that transgender people and “gender ideology” pose a threat to children and society at large. These anti-LGBTQ, misogynistic and racist narratives have been promoted by many Republican politicians and other powerful right-wing figures, helping the ideas infiltrate the mainstream and contributing to an increasingly volatile and dangerous political environment.


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