Keith Preston: US wants ‘puppet states’ in power in Middle East Reply

Press TV. Listen here:

The military and political strategies deployed by the US imply that the West is only after preserving “puppet states” through which it can have more dominance over the region.

Since the breakout of war in Syria and the expansion of turmoil in the region, the US has tried to back and fund militant groups that are pro-western and part of its so-called coalition partners, Keith Preston, the chief editor and director of, told Press TV Monday.

In Syria, where Washington claims to seek demise of the Daesh terrorists, it provided support for the militants fighting the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

With Russia launching airstrikes against Daesh in Syria, the militants have become  “increasingly isolated” and the US finally resorted to air-dropping weapons for them.

“It has gone very poorly and many of the weapons have fallen into alternative hands,” Preston said.

US Central Command spokesman Colonel Patrick Ryder said in a statement on Monday that “the aircraft delivery on Sunday included small arms ammunition to resupply counter-ISIL ground forces so that they can continue operations against ISIL,”

US officials have told The Associated Press that Russia has directed parts of its military campaign against US-backed terrorists and other extremist groups in an effort to weaken them.

As stated by Preston, US is supporting fundamentalist terrorists and insurgent groups through the Persian Gulf states which are part of the western coalition allegedly against Daesh.

A New Anarchist Economic Paradigm 1

From Will Schnack:

“Consider purchasing a book, and helping a young farmer-philosopher to subsist! It’s quality material, and I have been blessed to have receieved some favorable responses from some of my own favorite authors, including the infamous mutualist, Kevin Carson, and a more personal inspiration to me, Dr. Ulisse Di Corpo, a psychologist from Rome, Italy. More recently, I have also received much appreciated support from pan-secessionist, Keith Preston. See their reviews below:

“The world is facing one of the most dangerous periods of modern history. Europe is confronting a descent into chaos and conflict. The international financial crisis and the risk of default of public debts are unprecedented. The global economic system could collapse altogether… We are witnessing a dramatic increase in entropy and chaos and people are becoming scared of the future, they sense that a new world conflict is getting closer.”

In this collection of essays William Schnack offers a new and fresh perspective. He suggests that it is possible to shift from entropy to syntropy, from chaos to wellbeing. It is a complex and controversial topic, which needs to be widely addressed and debated, and which could provide a way out from the catastrophic future towards which humanity is now heading.”



Wolf Country Reply

By William T. Hathaway

This year marks the 20th anniversary of wolf reintroduction in Yellowstone National Park. From 66 released originally they’ve increased to over 300 and are no longer endangered. That they thrive here is not surprising, for they are creatures of this raw land in a way that we aren’t. Wolves are fitted to this environment, and so to understand them, we have to know the country that nurtures them.

The area from Yellowstone to central Idaho has one of the lowest densities of human population in the United States. Those who do live here are held in thrall by land and weather, too harsh for most of our species. The elements keep us ever on the defensive without even noticing us.

People claim to own this country, but she owns us. Daily she teaches us how small our power is: we are like children clinging to a shaggy bison, helpless riders on a massive beast. We had enough power to exile the wolves, but then the wilderness was no longer whole, the grazing herds became unhealthy, and we had to bring back these culling predators. The banishment was short from their time frame.

The mountains they lope around are the eruption of a force that begins to rise in the Dakotas, gathers momentum as it buckles the prairie into ridges and ravines, then thrusts the earth’s crust into peaks. Humans read time on the land, and it dwarfs us: Rivers cut the earth for millennia, then vanished into the bottoms of their canyons, leaving them lime dry. Glaciers sheared off mountains, scraping them down to flat mesas. Epochs of wind are still gnawing the buttes into knobs of pocked rock. Now it’s time for wolves again. A missing totem, Sunmánituthaka of the Sioux, has been restored, an ancient spirit returned to us. More…

The University is the New Church Reply

By Aleksey Bashtavenko

Random Meanderings

Academic Composition

In the Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes repeatedly expressed concerns that the Church and the University had the potential to undermine the sovereign’s authority. When I first read that passage as a naive college student, I saw no reason to challenge Hobbes’ position regarding the subversiveness of the University. After all, I thought that the University was home to many massive protests and it seemed obvious to me that the primary purpose of institutions of higher learning was to promote critical thinking.
Yet, I did not quite understand why Hobbes thought that the Church could be equally subversive. I was confounded by that bizarre assertion because the Church appeared to have the opposite influence upon young people from that of the University. Instead of promoting critical thinking, it encouraged its patrons to adhere to a religious dogma and instead of participating in protests, it promoted obedience to authority. Then, sobering realization dawned upon me: I’ve thoroughly misunderstood that passage from the Leviathan.


Just 158 Families Have Provided Nearly Half the Financing for Early Efforts for the White House Reply


aisletwentytwo / CC BY 2.0

An overwhelmingly older, white and male group of Americans who made fortunes in finance and energy and represent just 158 families gave $176 million—almost half of all the money raised so far—to mostly Republican presidential candidates in the early months of the race.

“Not since before Watergate have so few people and businesses provided so much early money in a campaign, most of it through channels legalized by the Supreme Court’s Citizens United decision five years ago,” writes The New York Times, whose investigation revealed the numbers.


Extremism Without Apologies: Augustus Sol Invictus 2020? Reply

Is this guy the ideal candidate for the Grey Tribe and the Pan-Secessiionist Meta-Party?

He certainly has the right attitude.

His efforts thus far in the Libertarian Party are consistent with the ARV-ATS objective of having more militant leaders gain positions of influence in dissident organizations and intermediary institutions, and pushing out the more “moderate” (wimpy) leadership.

His program is a generic libertarianism that is broad enough to include a wide range of dissidents (i.e. the ones mentioned in the ARV-ATS “core documents”). Keep an eye on this fellow and see what we can learn in the process.

Imagine if we had hundreds or thousands of folks like this applying the ARV-ATS philosophy in many different organizations and locations.

Religious Fanaticism is a Huge Factor in Americans’ Support for Israel 1

This is rather extraordinary.

By Glenn Greenwald

The Intercept.Com

A new poll from Bloomberg Politics contains a finding that, if you really think about it, is quite remarkable:

Almost half of all Americans want to support Israel even if its interests diverge from the interests of their own country. Only a minority of Americans (47 percent) say that their country should pursue their own interests over supporting Israel’s when the two choices collide. It’s the ultimate violation of George Washington’s 1796 Farewell Address warning that “nothing is more essential than that permanent, inveterate antipathies against particular nations, and passionate attachments for others, should be excluded. … The nation which indulges towards another a habitual hatred or a habitual fondness is in some degree a slave.”

It is inconceivable that a substantial portion of Americans would want to support any other foreign country even where doing so was contrary to U.S. interests. Only Israel commands anything near that level of devoted, self-sacrificing fervor on the part of Americans. So it’s certainly worth asking what accounts for this bizarre aspect of American public opinion.

The answer should make everyone quite uncomfortable: it’s religious fanaticism.


Keith Preston: America ‘untouchable’ when it comes to war crimes Reply

Press TV. Listen here:

The United States is “untouchable” when it comes to war crimes and other violations of the Geneva Conventions because there is no global body that can enforce punishment against the country.

Keith Preston, the chief editor and director of, made the remarks in a phone interview with Press TV on Thursday when asked whether US officials will ever be taken to the International Criminal Court in The Hague for violating the provisions of the Geneva Conventions.

On Saturday, US warplanes struck an Afghan hospital run by Doctors Without Borders, or Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), an international medical charity group based in Geneva, Switzerland.

The attack killed 12 medical staff members and at least 10 patients, three of them children, and injured at least 37 people, according to the medical aid organization.

The US airstrike was an “attack on the Geneva Conventions” and warrants an independent fact-finding mission to establish whether it amounts to a war crime, MSF said in a statement on Wednesday.

“If it were to determine that this constitutes a war crime under the Geneva Conventions, the question of what kind of recourse would be available is difficult to determine,” Preston said.

“It is very unlikely that charges could be brought to the International Criminal Court. We have to remember that the United States has never ratified the International Criminal Court precisely to avoid having charges of this type being brought against it,” he added.

“So we have to understand that the provisions of the International Criminal Court do not apply to the American government because they are not a signatory to the treaty that established it,” the analyst pointed out.

“Whether there could be other forms of repercussions brought against the United States under the actual provisions of the Geneva Conventions, it is unlikely that there would be any party that was available to enforce such sanctions,” he noted.

“It is very unlikely for example that the UN would ever bring any sanctions against the United States, particularly given the power the United States has over the UN,” he stated.

“So, in many ways, the United Sates is untouchable when it comes to these kinds of issues,” Preston opined

On Wednesday, US President Barack Obama apologized to Afghanistan and the Doctors Without Borders organization for the deadly airstrike on its hospital.

On Russia’s Campaign in Syria 6

By Brandon Martinez

Non-Aligned Media


Brandon Martinez
Non-Aligned Media
October 4, 2015

So Russia has launched an air campaign in Syria to allegedly defend the embattled Assad regime. While this action will undoubtedly tickle the fancy of Putin’s diehard supporters in anti-Zionist circles, it does not undermine the logical, factual inferences I laid out in my recent essay.

The bottom line is this: Putin is not an “anti-Zionist.” He has never been one and he will never truly be one. As I noted in the essay, Russia and Israel have much more in common than Russia has with any Arab, Muslim-majority state.

Russia’s alliance with Syria and Iran is based on economic pragmatism, not ideological kinship. It is essentially no different than the Kremlin’s strong partnership with Erdogan’s Turkey, Al-Sissi’s Egypt, and Modi’s India, the only difference being the latter three countries are not being threatened by the West or Israel at the moment because they are all neutralized on the Palestine question and submit to Western economic and geopolitical demands.


Woman Identifies As Blind, So Guess What She Did To Herself? Reply

Transablism or a variation of Otherkin?

By Austin Peterson

Libertarian Republic

Blake Neff

A woman in North Carolina is attracting media attention for telling her story about pouring drain cleaner in her eyes because she identifies as a blind person.

Jewel Shuping was born with perfectly healthy eyes, but she told Barcroft TV in a recent interview that growing up there was always something missing.

“By the time I was six I remember that thinking about being blind made me feel comfortable,” she said. She fantasized constantly about losing her vision, and spent hours staring directly at the sun after her mother warned her that it would damage her eyes.

At first, Shuping simply pretended to be blind, going about with sunglasses on, her eyes closed, and using a cane to navigate. She also became fluent in braille. But after a while, that just wasn’t enough. (RELATED: Why CAN’T Rachel Dolezal Be Black?)

Resource-rich Afghanistan: An economic stalemate Reply

A documentary on Afghanistan’s economy featuring extensive footage and commentary from yours truly.

Press TV. Watch it here:

Afghanistan has been ravaged by over 40 years of war. Yet this country, which is in transition, enjoys great potential for economic success.

The political and security transition continues to take a heavy toll on Afghanistan’s economy.  Economic growth is estimated to have fallen further to 2 percent in 2014 from 3.7 percent in 2013 and an average of 9 percent during 2003-12. But the country’s economy never had a chance for real growth due to the US invasion and subsequent occupation from NATO and ISAF forces. Any cash injection which turned the wheels of the economy was either from foreign donations or the occupying forces.

The minerals of Afghanistan range from gold to copper and iron. Undiscovered deposits of gas also count. The estimated value of these deposits is about 3 trillion dollars. With an agricultural sector that could be vastly expanded by making irrigation available, Afghanistan can become one the richest countries in Central Asia.

Showdown at the UN Corral: Obama vs. Putin – who won? Reply

By Justin Raimondo


If there was any doubt that Washington has learned absolutely nothing since George W. Bush’s invasion of Iraq, then President Obama’s address to the United Nations has confirmed the world’s worst fears. It was an oration that combined the most egregious lies with the wooly-minded “idealism” that has been such a destructive force in world affairs since the days of Woodrow Wilson. First, the lies:

The evidence is overwhelming that the Assad regime used such weapons on August 21st. U.N. inspectors gave a clear accounting that advanced rockets fired large quantities of sarin gas at civilians. These rockets were fired from a regime-controlled neighborhood and landed in opposition neighborhoods. It’s an insult to human reason and to the legitimacy of this institution to suggest that anyone other than the regime carried out this attack.”

The evidence is far from “overwhelming,” and the only insult to human reason is the dogmatic repetition of this American talking point. As Seymour Hersh pointed out in the London Review of Books:

“Barack Obama did not tell the whole story this autumn when he tried to make the case that Bashar al-Assad was responsible for the chemical weapons attack near Damascus on 21 August. In some instances, he omitted important intelligence, and in others he presented assumptions as facts. 


Violence instead of democracy: Putin slams ‘policies of exceptionalism and impunity’ in UN speech Reply

Russia Today

Russian President Vladimir Putin addresses attendees during the 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly at the U.N. Headquarters in New York, September 28, 2015. © Mike Segar

The export of so-called ‘democratic’ revolutions has continued, but has unleashed poverty and violence instead of the triumph of democracy, Russian President Vladimir Putin said addressing the UN General Assembly.

Attempts to push for changes in other countries based on ideological preferences have led to “tragic consequences and degradation rather than progress,” said Putin in his speech to world leaders and policy makers gathered at the UN General Assembly’s anniversary 70th session in New York on Monday.

“We should all remember what our past has taught us,” Putin said. “We, for instance, remember examples from the history of the Soviet Union.”

It seems however that some are not learning from others’ mistakes, but keep repeating them, he said, adding that “the export of so-called ‘democratic’ revolutions continues.”


The Kurds’ Democratic Experiment Reply

These are the folks that anarchists should be paying attention to, not “social justice warriors” or American libertarian kooks.

By Carne Ross

New York Times

Across an empty and arid plain, south of a town in eastern Syria called Tell Brak, there is a long berm marking the front line of the war against the Islamic State, also known as ISIS. A levee of gravel about 20 feet high was raised by excavators operated by men and women who were often killed by distant Islamic State snipers. Every few hundred feet, there is a sentry point or dugout for a platoon of the Kurdish militia known as the People’s Protection Units, or Y.P.G., that holds the position.

Along this stark boundary, the Kurds are there not only to fight against the Islamic State, but also to defend a precious experiment in direct democracy. In Rojava, the Kurdish name for this region of eastern Syria, a new form of self-government is being built from the ground up.

After the authority of the regime of President Bashar al-Assad collapsed at the start of the Syrian revolution in 2011, the Kurds took advantage of the vacuum to set up government without a state. There is no top-down authority, even within the military. One Y.P.G. commander gently corrected me when I addressed him as “general.”


Noam Chomsky: Bernie Sanders can’t save America Reply

What Noam says about Sanders is what I always said about Ron Paul:

“Suppose that Sanders won, which is pretty unlikely in a system of bought elections. He would be alone: he doesn’t have congressional representatives, he doesn’t have governors, he doesn’t have support in the bureaucracy, he doesn’t have state legislators; and standing alone in this system, he couldn’t do very much. A real political alternative would be across the board, not just a figure in the White House.

It would have to be a broad political movement. In fact, the Sanders campaign I think is valuable — it’s opening up issues, it’s maybe pressing the mainstream Democrats a little bit in a progressive direction, and it is mobilizing a lot of popular forces, and the most positive outcome would be if they remain after the election.

It’s a serious mistake to just to be geared to the quadrennial electoral extravaganza and then go home. That’s not the way changes take place. The mobilization could lead to a continuing popular organization which could maybe have an effect in the long run.”


The Jacobin

Noam Chomsky: Bernie Sanders can't save America (Credit: Associated Press)
This article originally appeared on Jacobin.

Jacobin Throughout his illustrious career, one of Noam Chomsky’s chief preoccupations has been questioning — and urging us to question — the assumptions and norms that govern our society.

Following a talk on power, ideology, and US foreign policy last weekend at the New School in New York City, freelance Italian journalist Tommaso Segantini sat down with the eighty-six-year-old to discuss some of the same themes, including how they relate to processes of social change.

For radicals, progress requires puncturing the bubble of inevitability: austerity, for instance, “is a policy decision undertaken by the designers for their own purposes.” It is not implemented, Chomsky says, “because of any economic laws.” American capitalism also benefits from ideological obfuscation: despite its association with free markets, capitalism is shot through with subsidies for some of the most powerful private actors. This bubble needs popping too.

In addition to discussing the prospects for radical change, Chomsky comments on the eurozone crisis, whether Syriza could’ve avoided submitting to Greece’s creditors, and the significance of Jeremy Corbyn and Bernie Sanders.

And he remains soberly optimistic. “Over time there’s a kind of a general trajectory towards a more just society, with regressions and reversals of course.”

In an interview a couple of years ago, you said that the Occupy Wall Street movement had created a rare sentiment of solidarity in the US. September 17 was the fourth anniversary of the OWS movement. What is your evaluation of social movements such as OWS over the last twenty years? Have they been effective in bringing about change? How could they improve?

They’ve had an impact; they have not coalesced into persistent and ongoing movements. It’s a very atomized society. There are very few continuing organizations which have institutional memory, that know how to move to the next step and so on.

This is partly due to the destruction of the labor movement, which used to offer a kind of fixed basis for many activities; by now, practically the only persistent institutions are the churches. So many things are church-based.

It’s hard for a movement to take hold. There are often movements of young people, which tend to be transitory; on the other hand there’s a cumulative effect, and you never know when something will spark into a major movement. It’s happened time and again: civil rights movement, women’s movement. So keep trying until something takes off.


Keith Preston: US, Russia tensions over Syria can escalate into confrontation Reply

Press TV. Listen here:

The United States and Russia are pursuing “polar opposite objectives” in Syria which can lead to a serious military confrontation between the two powers, an American political analyst based in Virginia says.

Keith Preston, the chief editor and director of, made the remarks in a phone interview with Press TV on Thursday while commenting on a joint statement by the United States and Russia on the situation in Syria.

US Secretary of State John Kerry and his Russian counterpart, Sergey Lavrov, attended a joint conference after a meeting on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York on Wednesday. Lavrov said the two countries were working to “avoid any unintended incidents” and adopt a “safe approach” while conducting airstrikes in the Middle East region.

“It’s clear I think that the United States and Russia really do not want to have a confrontation with one and other. And it seems to me that the purpose of this statement is to avoid such a confrontation,” Preston said.

“I don’t think that either nation really regards a confrontation between the United States and Russia as being in their own interests,” he added. “However, it is a difficult situation, because both nations have entirely different, in fact polar opposite objectives in Syria.”

“In President Obama’s speech to the United Nations [on Monday], he mentioned that the Assad regime needs to go, that’s precisely the opposite position that the Putin government and Moscow takes,” the analyst noted.

Russia sees Assad govt. as bulwark against terrorists

Russian President Vladimir Putin

Preston said that the Russians consider the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad as a “bulwark” against Takfiri terrorists wreaking havoc in the Middle East.

“The Russian position is that the Assad regime must be allowed to stand at all costs, and the reason for that is they see the Assad regime as a bulwark against ISIS terrorists and against other comparable terrorist organizations in the region,” he said.

“And Russia regards the existence of these terrorist groups as a threat to their own national security,” he stated. “They are concerned about these movements growing and expanding. They are concerned about them spreading into the nations that are border nations with Russia. They are concerned about the terrorist incidents sponsored by these kinds of organizations within Russia.”

“That’s the position of the Russians. They want to keep Assad in power as a bulwark against these terrorist organizations,” the analyst stated.

Assad’s Syria not a US client state

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad

Preston said that “the United States has a polar opposite objective, and that is to remove Assad from power as a primary objective, and the reason for that is that… [the Assad government] is not a client state of the United States and is opposed to Israel.”

“For nearly half a century or longer, the primary objective of the United States in the Middle East has been to eliminate regimes that offer opposition to Israel or offer opposition to the American hegemony,” he observed.

“So the removal of Assad is the primary goal that the Americans have and the preservation of Assad is the goal that the Russians have. So they have polar opposite objectives,” he stressed.

“So it will be interesting if the United States and the Russians are able to pursue polar opposite policies and yet manage to avoid stepping on each other’s toes in the process. So it’s a very tense situation and it is certainly something that can escalate into a much more serious confrontation between the two powers,” Preston concluded.

Against Identity Politics: Spectres, Joylessness, & the Contours of Ressentiment Reply

Free Radical Radio.

Click on these words to listen to the audio book/audio essay

Lupus Dragonowl’s “Against Identity Politics: Spectres, Joylessness, & the Contours of Ressentiment,” originally publishd in AJODA, is read aloud by Arabella Story Tella.

This essay discusses and critiques identity politics and identity politicians and offers a different way of seeing and viewing the identities forced upon us by society and its structures. Using a Stirnerian critique, Dragonowl breaks down the thoughts, actions, and ideas of identity politics, defining them as another iteration of leftism. Full of anecdotes from the anarchist and radical milleu, this essay attempts to shed light on the workings of identity politicians.
Click here to check out AJODA Magazine, Anarchy: A Journal of Desire Armed

The written version can be found here: click on these words

Keith Preston: US doesn’t want direct confrontation with Russia in Syria Reply

Press TV. Listen here:

The United States does not want a direct military confrontation with Russian forces in Syria, an American political analyst based in Virginia says.

But the primary objective of the Obama administration is the overthrow of the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad with the assistance of terrorist groups including Daesh (ISIL), said Keith Preston, the chief editor and director of

Preston made the remarks in a phone interview with Press TV while commenting on a statement by Republican Senator Bob Corker, who said on Wednesday that the Pentagon should target both the Assad government and ISIL.

Corker’s comments came shortly after Russia carried out its first airstrikes against ISIL terrorists near the Syrian city of Homs.

“The Obama administration seems to be pulling back from waging the war on ISIS,” Preston said, using an alternative acronym for the terrorist group, which is operating in Syria and Iraq.

“They are conducting military operations against ISIS, but I don’t think the total destruction of ISIS is something they are really that motivated to achieve, because they see ISIS as the weapon against the Assad regime,” he said.

“I think that the first objective of the American foreign policy in Syria is to bring down the Assad regime. They see ISIS as perhaps the useful force towards that end, but they are also concerned ISIS potentially threatening American allies,” the analyst noted.

“Now that the Russian have gotten involved, I think the Obama administration really doesn’t want a direct confrontation with the Russians,” he observed.

“Bob Corker comes from the opposition party, from the Republicans, which take a more hard-line perspective on foreign policy than the Obama administration,” Preston said. “He seems to be more eager for a confrontation with the Russians.”

“I think he wants [the US] to fight ISIS more aggressively and tries to take down the Assad [government] at the same time. And that’s totally unrealistic objective, because there’s no viable alternative in Syria,” he pointed out.

Syria has been gripped by deadly unrest since March 2011. According to reports, the United States and its regional allies – especially Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey – are supporting the militants operating inside the country.

Daesh terrorists, with members from several Western countries, have been active in Iraq, Syria and more recently in Libya, committing acts of terror against people of different religious and ethnic communities, including Shias, Sunnis, Kurds, Christians and others.

Trojan Horde Reply

An unapologetically Nietzschean take on the refugee crisis.

By Dr. Robert M. Price

Thus Spake Zarathustra

I have read two books that turned out to be truly prophetic. Not clairvoyant, mind you, just prescient. The authors were like Isaac Asimov’s futurologist Hari Seldon in his Foundation epic: they had a far-reaching grasp of how present trends would turn out. One of these books was Andrei Amalric’s Will the Soviet Union Survive until 1984? It was published in English in 1970 and already foresaw that the USSR must unravel because of irreconcilable ethnic tensions between the disparate Soviet “republics.” Okay, he was just a few years early.

The other book was Jean Raspail’s novel, The Camp of the Saints (English publication in 1975),camp of the saints book cover whose title comes from Revelation 20:7-9: “And when the thousand years are ended, Satan will be loosed from his prison and will come out to deceive the nations which are at the four corners of the earth, that is, Gog and Magog, to gather them for battle; their number is like the sand of the sea. And they marched up over the broad earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city.” It suddenly occurred to the author one day as he relaxed at the beach: what if the inexhaustible hordes of the scarecrow poor from all over the Third World were to show up on the shores of affluent Europe? Would the survivor guilt of the liberal West sap any and all resistance to the invading army whose only weapon was their terrible neediness? Would Europe throw open its doors, welcoming the destruction of their culture with the famous last words, “Give me your tired, your poor, the wretched refuse of your teeming shores”? You know they would. And now, in 2015, they have.


Oscar Wilde

Tyranny of the Weak Reply

By Aleksey Bashtavenko

Academic Composition

“There is no progress in human history. Democracy is a fraud. Human nature is primitive, emotional, unyielding. The smarter, abler, stronger, and shrewder take the lion’s share. The weak starve, lest society become degenerate: One can compare the social body to the human body, which will promptly perish if prevented from eliminating toxins” Vilfredo Pareto

“Blessed are the gentle, for they shall inherit the earth.” Matthew 5:5

The debate between Thomas Paine and Edmund Burke is widely regarded as the basis between the left and the right. Thomas Paine regarded politics as similar to any other intellectual endeavor that requires the capacity for deep thought, critical analysis and creative synthesis. Resembling Plato’s Philosopher King, the politician regards the problems of society as that of “applied metaphysics” where solutions to all social ailments can be obtained through the exercise of reason alone. In line with Aristotle’s distinction between episteme and techne, Burke regarded politics as a practical rather than an intellectual endeavor. He rejected the doctrine of Socratic intellectualism that underpinned the Philosopher King thesis, asserting that people who know what constitutes the good are capable of acting in an evil manner.