Category: History and Historiography

Son of Khalil Islam is happy his father’s been exonerated in Malcom X killing, ‘but there’s still sadness’

By Brigid Kennedy, The Week The son of newly-exonerated Khalil Islam, who was wrongfully convicted in the 1965 assasination of Malcolm X, explained Thursday that while he’s happy a judge cleared his late father’s name, sadness nevertheless lingers. “It almost sounds casual to me that he’s been exonerated,” […]

“Critical Race Theory” Is White History

By Kali Holloway, The Nation Conservatives are rebranding an inclusive, honest accounting of American history as inherently anti-white. For more than a year now, conservatives have been waging war against the misdefined conception of critical race theory that they themselves created. The right-wing campaign against so-called CRT largely […]

The church of anti-fascism

By James McElroy Washington Examiner Why did our governing classes treat last summer’s antifa rioters with so much more indulgence than they did the rioters of Jan. 6? Paul Gottfried’s latest book, Antifascism, offers an explanation that goes beyond mere political enmity. Anti-fascism, Gottfried argues, is the ideological […]

Hunter-Gatherer Culture

National Geographic Hunter-gatherer culture was the way of life for early humans until around 11 to 12,000 years ago. The lifestyle of hunter-gatherers was based on hunting animals and foraging for food. Hunter-gatherer culture is a type of subsistence lifestyle that relies on hunting and fishing animals and […]

German Seafarers, Anti-Fascism and the Anti-Stalinist Left: The ‘Antwerp Group’ and Edo Fimmen’s International Transportworkers Federation, 1933-1940

By Jonathan Hyslop In the period from the mid-1930s to the beginning of the Second World War, a group of German seamen based in Antwerp combined with Amsterdam-based Edo Fimmen, Secretary of the International Transportworkers Federation, to wage a campaign against the Nazi government amongst the sailors of […]

The Amendment That Remade America

By Tunku Varadarajan, Wall Street Journal The First? The Second? No, the 14th—the basis for every claim against a state government for violating individual rights. Randy Barnett and Evan Bernick say it’s time to assert its original meaning. What’s the most important amendment to the U.S. Constitution? The […]

The Anarchic Interlude

By Matt Welch, Reason In 1990s Prague, wonderful things happened in the chaotic space between the end of communism and the rise of its replacement. Reason‘s December special issue marks the 30th anniversary of the collapse of the Soviet Union. This story is part of our exploration of […]

From Feudal Monarchy to Communism

I usually piss off communists and reactionaries alike with this viewpoint, but communism was largely an outgrowth of monarchism. Communist regimes never came to power on any serious or durable level anywhere outside of largely preindustrial, feudal-agrarian “ancient regime” type of societies. The function of communism was to […]

Emotions, MEmotions, Moral Batteries and High-Risk Activism: Understanding the Emotional Practices of the Spanish Anarchists under Franco’s Dictatorship

By Eduardo Romanos This article studies the reactivation of activist networks in high-risk settings through a longitudinal analysis of the emotional practices of Spanish anarchists under Franco’s dictatorship (1939–75). The anarchists mobilised a series of emotions in their discourse, seeking to change the degree and quality of emotions […]

Are We in the New Roaring Twenties?

The general point the meme makes is valid enough but it’s over-simplistic. Classical bourgeois capitalism that developed during the industrial revolution more or less collapsed during the Great Depression, and for the reasons Marx said it would, i.e. the growing concentration of wealth would result in underconsumption to […]

Is America Becoming Rome Versus Byzantium?

By Victor Davis Hanson Independent Institute Our Byzantine interior and Roman coasts are quite differently interpreting their shared American heritage as they increasingly plot radically divergent courses to survive in scary times. In A.D. 286 the Roman emperor Diocletian split in half the huge Roman Empire administratively—and peacefully—under the control […]